Bioethics experts call for more oversightand

Four leading ethics scholars in China are urging government authorities to intensify their supervision over scientific resea

rch to reduce the chances of unethical use of biomedical technologies involving gene editing and stem cells.

The appeal, published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, referen

ced a major ethical scandal in November, when a Chinese scientist announced he had pro

duced the world’s first twin human babies whose genes were altered to make them immune to HIV.

Hundreds of Chinese scientists voiced opposition and questioned the safety and effectivene

ss of the procedure following the announcement by He Jiankui, 35, who was an associate professor at So

uthern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen, Guangdong province.

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Ahmed Hassan Alhammadi, manager of the United Arab

Emirates Pavilion, hasn’t had time yet to visit the China Pavilion as he has been busy with his own pavilion.

“We will have more time later to have a walk in the park, and the China Pavilion will be our first stop for sure,” he said.

The International Pavilion, a venue for international horticultural exhibitions and competitions duri

ng the expo, has a public space with an overhang made of 94 structures representing flowers and umbrellas.

As the exhibition will also be held during the hottest days of the Beijing summer, these o

verhead structures will help reduce muggy conditions for crowds waiting in line for entry.

Using sustainable technologies, including natural ventilation, solar photovoltaics and rainw

ater recycling, the International Pavilion is also a green building with low energy consumption.

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Lu made the remarks in response to recent media repo

 reports that India decided not to send a delegation to the second Belt and Road Forum for Internati

onal Cooperation later this month in Beijing. The reports said the initiative undermines the South Asia

n nation’s sovereignty via the BRI-related China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Lu said that, “If this decision about whether to participate in building the Belt and Road

was possibly made through a misunderstanding”, China firmly and sincerely advances the constr

uction of the Belt and Road on the basis of consultation and contribution for shared benefits.

He added that the initiative is open to all parties that are inter

ested in and willing to join in win-win cooperation.

It will not exclude any party, he said, adding that China is willin

g to wait if relevant parties need more time to consider their participation.

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Bernard Dewit, chairman of the Belgian-Chinese Cham

ber of Commerce, said that industrial and trade relations between the EU and China will i

ncrease following the meeting, and that China has made great efforts to open its market to European companies.

“China’s new Foreign Investment Law, which has just been (approved), will greatly reassure European investors of the com

mitment of the Chinese government to further protect foreign investments in China,” he said.

Wang Yiwei, a professor of international relations at Renmin University of China, said in an article

published in the People’s Daily Overseas Edition on Wednesday that the Chinese and EU lead

ers’ strategic communication on important issues will help foster new areas for bilateral cooperation.

The concerted efforts made by the two sides to cope with the common challenges

and develop win-win cooperation will add stability to an increasingly uncertain world, he added.

Hu Yongqi contributed to this story.

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On the China-CEEC leaders’ meeting, Chen said the

mechanism has made good achievements in economic cooperation over the past several years, including freight trains running between C

hina and Europe. The mechanism should continue focusing on concrete projects in infrastructure and other key areas, she said.

People-to-people exchanges, including education and tourism, should also be stren

gthened to improve mutual understanding between their people, Chen added.

China will take key measures in a new push to improve its cities through boosting the urban pop

ulation and bolstering the nation’s high-quality and stable economic growth, the country’s top economic planner said.

Measures include relaxing residency curbs, promoting investmen

t and financing mechanisms and increasing infrastructure spending in cities.

The National Development and Reform Commission issued on Monday key tasks for 2019’s new urbanizatio

n boost, which will help maintain the country’s sustainable and healthy economic growth and overall social stability.

China aims to increase the urbanization rate by at least 1 percentage point by the end of this year, accordi

ng to a document posted on the NDRC’s website. The proportion of urban population to total population reached 59.58 percent in 2018.

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The author is a former undersecretary for the environm

Rising registrations and better technology improve prospects of quicker availability

When Zhao Xueming, a middle school math teacher in Beij

ing, knew he had late-stage liver cancer in February last year, he felt despair.

“I was scared to the soul, and I thought about death every day,” he said.

By then, Zhao, who was 36 at the time, had received various treatme

nts at Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital for four months. However, he believed he had s

ome other liver disease, since his parents, in order to avoid frightening him, never told him the truth.

“The treatments didn’t work well,” he said. “At l

Zhao was lucky. He waited for just around two weeks for an available organ, which was distributed through a national compu

terized organ sharing system, and had an operation that lasted for more than 10 hours in March last year.

He later learned that the organ donor was a young person who died in a car accident

in Hubei province, more than 1,000 kilometers away, but he doesn’t know further details.

In March, a year after the surgery, Zhao enrolled to become an organ dono

r at an organ-donation promotional event held at Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital.

ast my doctor decided to have a liver transplant surgery for me to save my life.”

www.euitdm.cn

ation and safety officials Daniel Elwell, Robert

US senators sharply questioned regulatory officials on Wedne

sday about the Federal Aviation Administration’s reliance on Boeing Co’s engineers to cert

ify the safety of the company’s new 737 Max 8 aircraft, which was involved in two fatal crashes in the past five months.

A self-certification procedure called Organization Designation Authorization came under scr

utiny at a hearing of the Senate Commerce Committee’s aviation subcommittee in Washington. Testifying wer

e Daniel Elwell, acting FAA administrator; Robert Sumwalt, chairman of the National Transportation Saf

ety Board; and Calvin Scovel III, Transportation Department inspector general.

For decades, the FAA has delegated some authority for certifying new aircraft to the manufacturers, reducing government costs.

After the crashes of Lion Air in Indonesia in October and Ethiop

ian Airlines this month, which killed a total of 346 passengers and crew members, critics have ci

ted the self-certification process as evidence of an overly cozy relationship between the FAA and the industry.

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The European leaders said they are glad to see a greater

 development in China, and the EU welcomes China’s willingness to share its development opportunities.

Chinese enterprises are welcome to invest in European countries, said the European leaders, adding that they will not adopt restrictive measures against specific com

panies, and are willing to provide a fair, open and transparent business environment for all foreign enterprises.

During the visit, Peng Liyuan, Xi’s wife, also attended a number of events aimed at deepeni

ng cultural and educational exchanges between China and the European nations.

As a special envoy of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for the advanceme

nt of girls’ and women’s education, Peng was invited to visit the headquarters of the UNESCO in Paris.

Wang said Peng’s visit highlighted China’s image of a hardworking, responsible maj

or country that actively participates in international education, gender equality and other affairs.

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The revelation that an extra pilot saved the plane the day

before the crash has never been reported before, according to Bloomberg.

Aviation analyst and editor in chief of Airlineratings.com, Geoffrey Thomas, said it was not unusual for off-duty pilots, known as dead heads, to fly in the cockpit of planes.

“It could well be that the flight is full and he needs to get back t

o Jakarta — so as long as he is authorized to do so — then it’s absolutely fine,” he said.

However, the presence of the third pilot in the cockpit did not appear in the National Tra

nsportation Safety Committee’s (KNKT) November preliminary report into the crash.

Thomas said this fact should have been reported “as you could argue that the pilot was a distraction or an assistance,” he said.

Wall Street Journal: Transportation Department inspector general investigating FAA’s approval of Boeing 737 Max

CNN contacted Lion Air Group Captain Daniel Putut for comment and he directed questions to the KNKT.

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Indian tech billionaire gives $7.5 billion to charitywealth to

  India’s second-richest man is giving billions to charity in what may be the country’s biggest single donation ever.

  Azim Premji, the billionaire chairman of Wipro (WIT), is handing shares in the

tech company worth nearly 530 billion rupees ($7.5 billion) to his philanthropic foundation.

  The tech tycoon has now donated a total of $21 billion to the Azim Premji Foundat

ion over several years, including 67% of Wipro’s shares, the foundation said in a statement.

  Premji, 73, has a fortune of more than $18 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

  He was the first Indian to sign the Giving Pledge, a campaign started by Warren Bu

ffett with Bill and Melinda Gates to encourage billionaires around the world to commit most of their wealth to charity.

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